Share your photos,
videos, stories, poems and more.
The living legacy of five Musgrave Harbour men lost at sea
Wendy Rose talks with Justin Fancy about his new album Sure Beats a Good Time
A recipe that will have your guests flipping over burgers!
Artist Jon White of The White's Emporium
By Mariah PardyTragedies happen every day, but when one strikes a small town, everyone feels it. On February 3, 2003, a dark cloud of grief rolled in and covered the small fishing town of Musgrave Harbour. It was the day that families lost their brother, father, grandpa, husband, friend, and so much more than what mere titles can express. What was supposed to be just another duck-hunting trip turned out to be the last these men would take together. Six men headed out on the water. Only one returned home. Drowned at sea were Roger Hann, 36; Draper Fahey, 24; Irving Faulkner, 59, and his two sons - Danny, 35, and Darren, 31. Irvingâs other son, Dion, 38, managed to swim to a nearby island where he was rescued by passing fishermen.I was six years old at the time, and I remember it as the first time I saw my dad cry. He had just gotten the call from back home that a boat had capsized and his former classmates, friends and neighbours had drowned. Nine years later, my family and I moved to my dadâs hometown of Musgrave Harbour, and I become great friends with some of the kids and grandkids of these men. Today, those children are grown up and some even have kids of their own. I did not get to know everyone affected personally in my three years in Musgrave Harbour, but a few have become great friends who I know will be lifelong. One thing I can say about all of these people is that they share in this tragedy and they all continue to be a shoulder to lean on for each other.My best friend, Amanda Goodyear, is the granddaughter of Irving and the niece of Danny, Darren and Dion. She has a family of her own now, but reminisces on what could have been.âAnyone who knows our family knows how extremely close we all are. I really wish my Pop was around for all of the big events because I know he would have never missed them,â says Amanda. âMy skating competitions, school concerts, graduation and so much more. No matter how far away it was from Musgrave, he travelled from one side of the island to the other with us. Now I have a son and a daughter of my own, and I would have loved for him to have met them. My son is five now and he asks questions about his Pop Faulkner all the time. We know heâs still here, even though we canât see him. Of course, this goes for my Uncle Danny and Darren as well.âAmandaâs cousins, Danielle and Katie-Lynn Faulkner and Alex Viselli, all daughters of Danny Faulkner, share different memories of their father. Danielle was only three years old and Katie-Lynn was six months old at the time of Dannyâs death. âMy dad and I were very close,â says Danielle. âI donât remember a whole lot from my childhood. Itâs been really hard because I wish he could be there to see each milestone.âSays Katie-Lynn, âEveryone says that my dadâs love for his girls was so strong and he loved to show us all off. Itâs been a battle to say the least, always wishing he could be here to watch us succeed with each milestone and support us through everything that comes our way.âTheir older sister, Alex, was 15 in 2003, so she holds a more vivid range of memories of her father. âUnlike my sisters and cousins, I was fortunate enough to have more memories of him from my childhood,â says Alex, reminiscing. âHe was loving, protective, silly and adventurous. He would do anything for his girls. From the age of six, I lived in Toronto with my mom, so I only saw him during the summer and some March breaks. But those times with him were filled with so much love and fun. He did everything he could to always keep me smiling, from a fridge full of lobsters to fast rides on the four-wheeler.âI was also lucky enough to know Kyle Faulkner, Darrenâs son, when I lived in Musgrave Harbour. Iâd look forward to seeing Kyle in the high-school hallways; if you were having a bad day, you werenât anymore because his smile was contagious. The one thing I know for sure is that he has a smile just like his dad. âI have many memories, but some of my favourites would be when we would take our Ski-doo to the cabin and rabbit snare together. I cherish these memories because I still enjoy to do all of these things that I first did with my dad,â says Kyle, who was five years old when his dad died. âThis situation made me realize that anything can be taken away at any time, so it is important to appreciate each day we have on this earth.âRoger Hann lives on in his two sons, Josh and Tyler Hann. Josh was 14 and Tyler was 3 when their father passed.âMy dad was a kind, easygoing, hardworking and loving person - everyone tells me that I am just like him,â says Tyler. âIâd love for him to see how much I have accomplished and endured in my life. Thereâs been countless times where Iâve felt like I havenât had a leg to stand on, but I always got back on my feet and pulled through because I know he would be proud.â Draper Fahey did not have any children, but he is remembered as a kind man who is deeply missed by his family. Another dear friend of mine to this day is Myles Faulkner, the son of Dion. Mylesâs story is different from the rest. His father survived, and something that he lives with to this day is the âWhat if?â question.âI have learned so much from my dad. If he had not lived I probably wouldnât do the things that I do because I wouldnât have learned how to hunt or how to boat. He has taught me how to do all of the things we love, and it makes it even more special that we can do these things together. I know that he lives his life for me and wants me to enjoy my life because, despite everything that has happened, he does the things he loves and I think he enjoys his life,â says Myles. âIâd love for Pop to see that I fixed his Argo and that Iâm still using it. For uncle Danny to see that Iâm a diver just like him. For Uncle Darren to see how Kyle turned out and how we are still such good buddies. I think they would all be very impressed with the fact that Dad has continued to enjoy life despite experiencing such a loss.âA year after the accident, Dion fixed up the boat that once held such a painful memory. He used it to create new and lively memories for his son, nieces and nephews, and friends of those lost. That boat was used until three years ago, and now that engine runs Mylesâs boat. One thing Iâve learned from the experience of my friends is that tomorrow is never promised. And I got a real glimpse of how strong individuals have navigated the bumpy and unpredictable road of life after loss. I am inspired by how they have all prevailed from this hardship and how the families of all the men lost have made sure that their legacies live on.
Wendy Rose talks with Justin Fancy about his new album, Sure Beats a Good TimeHailing from Conception Bay South, NL, itâs hard to know whether to call Justin Fancy a townie or a bayman, based on his proximity to the provinceâs capital city. Thereâs one title that Fancy holds without any debate: award-winning yet still-rising star in the Newfoundland country music scene.Fancy released his debut album, Sure Beats A Good Time in September 2020. Working within Covid-19 restrictions, capacity was limited, but Fancy worked with Corner Brookâs Steady Entertainment to live-stream the show, which boasted an opening act by comedian Shaun Majumder - an impressive feat for an emerging artist. And just two months after the album release, Fancy spotted his name on the list of nominees for the 2020 MusicNL Awards, which he went on to win - not bad for a debut album, wha?The first song on the record is the title track, âSure Beats A Good Time,â and itâs obvious within 30 seconds of this seven-song, 24-minute album that this is some good and true country-rock. Fancy has a thick country twang, singing about universally relatable topics like friendship, self-doubt, making love, getting excited for Friday nights, and just generally making the most of life.Fancy slows things down a bit on âYour Memory,â but the pace picks up again on âMakes Me Wanna,â Fancyâs most recently released single. In mid-April, Fancy released the accompanying music video, starring Big Brother Canada 7 star Samantha Picco (local music lovers may also recognize her from Chris Andrewsâ âCandyâ video).A personal favourite from the album was âStop Lovinâ You.â This fourth track is where Fancy really bares all, showing deep emotions in his lyrics. âThere are things that I learned to do in spite of the feelings that I had for you. Thereâs no turning back but I have to stay, I built up my walls since you went away. Thereâs nothing left for me to sing, Iâve driven myself to stop loving you.âAnother slower tune, âWonderworld,â is more in the traditional country/western vein. The fantastic fiddle playing on this track makes it stand out on the album.âFigure This Outâ is a perfect fit for a country radio playlist, with its catchy hook and simplistic chorus. Itâs an easy tune to sing along with, even on the first spin.The album closes with âLovinâ Man,â an emotional piece about a father gifting his son with a guitar. Though Iâm unsure if itâs autobiographical, after interviewing Fancy and listening to his album, I think itâs pretty obvious that these lyrics come straight from the heart - and from this rising country starâs past, which is certainly helping to shape his future.In the coming months, fans can get hyped for another single from Sure Beats A Good Time with an accompanying music video. However, the real excitement comes in 2022 when Fancy expects to release a second album or EP.Q&A with the ArtistWendy Rose: Did you grow up listening to country music legends, or was this a genre you dove into on your own accord?Justin Fancy: Country music has always been a huge part of my life ever since I can remember. As a teenager, everywhere I went there was country music on in the car, at home; and as technology advanced it became a whole lot easier to access the older songs. I remember looking up the Top 100 Country Songs of all time and downloading them one by one. When I started to learn how to play guitar at the age of 13, I was obsessed over the stories the songs told, the chord progression, the crying of the steel guitar, and other musical and lyrical elements that made up the songs.I remember playing around campfires at campsites at an early age, entertaining the older folk with a mixture of traditional Newfoundland and Irish music, but mostly country and western songs. I grew up around country music in my hometown of Conception Bay South, and I credit my friends and family for that. WR: Where do you draw your inspiration from when writing?JF: I certainly write from personal experience and emotion, and I think listening to country music inspired me to be able to write such vulnerable songs. Itâs not easy to talk about or express your emotions, especially when sometimes they are based on bad experiences youâve had with relationships, or with life.My most recent country music hero, Luke Combs, was the one who changed it all for me. His songs, his talk about breakups and raw emotion, and really opening up to his fans was very inspiring for me, and I can say that he was one of the main reasons I finally got the courage to release this music. Listening to music that was a lot older than me, I was and still am so amazed at how open and beautifully vulnerable country songs were back thenâ¦ I think growing up and being able to relate to these songs really taught me how to write and try and do the same for others.WR: Sure Beats A Good Time earned you two 2020 MusicNL Awards - Country Artist of the Year and Rising Star of the Year - as well as a nod from the ECMAs for Inspirational Album of the Year. What was your reaction to these wins and nominations?JF: Itâs just an amazing feeling to know that your fans and the music community are watching the success and the amount of work that has gone into this. It takes a great team in the background to sustain a career in this industry, and I have to acknowledge them at every opportunity possible. The awards motivate me to continue this journey, and Iâm forever grateful for the recognition.WR: Thereâs no doubt that a pandemic is definitely a strange time to launch a music career, but do you have any parting wisdom for any emerging musicians who might be hesitant to take the leap right now? Aside from, you know, advising them to definitely make branded face masks? (Genius, btw.)JF: I think itâs very important to make a plan, pandemic or not. Do your research, develop industry relationships and seek their advice on what they think is best... The biggest mistake I find [is] independent artistsâ¦ [who] just release a song with no plan and hope that itâs the next top 40 Billboard hit. The song could be the best song in music history, but without the proper promotion and plan, the song wonât be heard.
Hoping to be declared the burger king or queen at the next backyard BBQ? Here's a recipe that will have your guests flipping over your skills!Sweet & Spicy Chicken Burger with Waffle Bun2 chicken breasts, boneless and skinless4 Belgian waffles, lightly toastedLettuceDredge:1 cup flour1/2 cup cornmeal1 tsp chili flakes1 tsp onion powder1 tsp garlic powder1/2 tsp smoked paprika1/2 tsp black pepper1 tsp kosher saltEgg wash:2 eggs1/2 cup milk6 shakes Tabasco sauce1/3 cup pure maple syrupDressing:1/3 cup mayonnaise1 tbsp white sugar2 tbsp Apple cider vinegar1/2 tsp dry mustardpinch of cayenne pepperSift all dredge ingredients together in a bowl and set aside. Whisk all egg wash ingredients together thoroughly in a separate bowl and set aside. Dredge the chicken breast in the flour mixture, shake off excess. Dip the chicken breast in the egg wash and let the excess drip off. Repeat this process two more times, and then end with a fourth dredge. Deep fry the chicken breast in 350Â°F oil until golden brown. Remove chicken from the oil and place on a rack in a baking dish. Finish cooking the chicken in the oven until it reaches an internal temperature of 165Â°F.For the dressing: Whisk all ingredients together thoroughly and adjust the sweetness/acidity to your preference by adding more sugar or vinegar.Assembly: Place a chicken breast on one waffle, drizzle with dressing, add lettuce, and top with a second waffle. Serve immediately.Yield: 2 servings
By Chantel MurrinItâs easy to understand why a province as colourful as Newfoundland and Labrador is home to so many artists. Thereâs inspiration everywhere you turn. For local artist Jon White, it was a family trip to Twillingate in the summer of 2018 that inspired him to get creative. After an outing to a nearby beach resulted in small haul of colourful sea glass, he had the idea to turn those natural materials into pieces of art, and that ultimately led to his new business, The Whiteâs Emporium.Originally from Newtown, also on Newfoundlandâs northeast coast, Jon is a nurse by profession and spent most of his career nursing offshore. That changed when he began running the Emporium full time in September 2020.His shop is online, operating from The Whiteâs Emporium Facebook page. He specializes in carved driftwood art often surrounding Newfoundland themes, but if a customer has a specific idea in their mind, he will create it in his home-based workshop in Twillingate.âI probably have one of the best views when I step outside,â says Jon, whose house overlooks the harbour. âItâs not hard to get inspiration when you live around here.âJon says before the COVID-19 pandemic, Twillingate was frequented by tourists and had a certain liveliness that he found attractive. After visiting his sister, whoâd moved there in 2015 to teach, he knew it was the perfect rural town for him and his wife and their three small children to call home. The Emporium became a way for Jon to feed his creative desires while supporting his family. âAll my interests kind of marry into one thing, which is the Emporium,â says Jon, explaining that he makes and sells more than just driftwood art. He also works with sea glass and textiles, and heâs been working on his power carving skills. Jon says that having a creative outlet was something he was craving. As someone who grew up in a construction family, the hands-on aspect was an important part of that. He says heâs very fortunate to be in his current position. âI donât consider this work, itâs like doing a hobby for a living. There is no bad part about coming to work out here. Youâre using your hands, being creative - I couldnât be happier,â says Jon.He regularly makes some happy customers, too. Kelly Hynes reached out to Jon about creating a very personal, sentimental piece in honour of her father, who died in December 2019. Kelly is originally from Shoal Harbour and says her dadâs favourite place to be was by the water. âMy dad loved the water. Everything about him was about the water. He had a boat, he had a cabin that was on the water, he fished all the time, he just always loved the water,â she says. Kelly worked with Jon for about a month on the details for this specially commissioned artwork. She says Jon captured everything she envisioned and more. The piece Jon made for her is of the shoreline where her fatherâs ashes were spread. In the foreground of the scene is a white dory. The boatâs reflection on the water, in Kellyâs eyes, looks like a piece of heaven shining through. âWhen Dad died, written in his will actually - and he always said it - âif you ever want to feel close to me, go to the water,ââ says Kelly, holding back her tears. âItâs my personal commemorative piece as a reminder of him.â Jon says he always tries to work very closely with his customers and that being able to create pieces that hold memories for clients is the most gratifying part of the job. He often thinks about his work carrying on through the years.âThat, to me, is gratifying: that your work is putting a positive impact on peopleâs lives and helping them remember certain people or places,â he says, âsomething that can be carried on for years to come.â
By Ed SeawardâI donât do plaid jackets and rubber boots.â Words from Marie Sharpe on her life-long approach to costume design for Newfoundland theatre, television and film. Marieâs approach reflects her perception of the variety of Newfoundland and Labrador culture and how that culture should be portrayed, beyond the clichÃ©s and stereotypes - a collaborative approach that should reflect the characters to help the director and author tell the story. âClothing,â she says, âis a big part of that transformation. It is about the character in the play/film. Who are they? Their history? Their socioeconomic status? Where would they shop? What can they afford?âMarieâs career in costume design started with sewing and, undoubtedly, Marieâs love of sewing can be traced back to her birthplace in St. Johnâs - Goodview Street, where she lived until married - and her admiration of maternal grandmother Martha. Though her grandmother died when Marie was only three or four years old, Marie heard countless stories from her own mother, Mary, who was good at repair and mending but said Martha âwas a brilliant seamstress.â Of course, Depression-era necessity drove Marthaâs sewing, like taking her husbandâs winter coat, pulling it apart and piecing it back together as two coats for her children. These stories of her grandmother deeply resonated. In high school, Marie signed up for a sewing course and, for her, âthe whole process was natural. I took to it like duck to water.âIf Memorial University of Newfoundland (MUN) had a fine arts program in the early â70s it would have been Marieâs choice, hands down. As it was, she ended up studying sociology but continued with the sewing, earning a few bucks by making clothes to sell at the Student Centre. A friend who was working at the Arts and Cultural Centre (ACC) asked Marie if she would like to join her and help sew for the annual fall musical (that year it was âThe Music Man,â starring Gordon Pinsent). Pretty much, folks, that was that. In Marieâs words: âThe day I went in I was totally at home.â The staff at ACC must have recognized the same thing as they asked her to stay for an upcoming Christmas show which led, upon her graduation in 1974, to a permanent part-time position for 10 years (though working full-time hours, and beyond). Marieâs original title was âwardrobe mistress,â and she was solely responsible for the costume department and designing all costumes. Sometime in the early â80s they changed her title to costume designer and her position was made officially full-time.Regardless of title, Marie officially held the position until âretirementâ in 2011. (I put âretirementâ in quotes because Marie has continued in a bevy of theatre and film ever since.) It is not an overstatement to say Marieâs role profoundly affected arts and culture in Newfoundland and Labrador. But when I asked her about receiving the Newfoundland and Labrador Public Service Award of Excellence in 2004, Marie waved it aside in typical self-effacement with a breath-releasing, phttt. Then in 2010, she was honoured again, this time with a Newfoundland and Labrador Arts Council Award for Artistsâ Achievement.Over her career with the ACC, Marie turned a once humble sewing and wardrobe room into an irreplaceable costume bank. Her industriousness, instilled in her by her parents as she grew up on Goodview Street, combined with her education helped her develop her costume design philosophy. Although sociology may not seem related to textiles, it provided a solid grounding in understanding how society works and how to do proper research. According to Marie, âThis held me in good stead when I was figuring out how to build a show. I was the first person at the ACC, or in Newfoundland, who was going to be the costumer full-time. The job evolved around me. I spent many, many long hours in libraries researching different periods of clothing. I had no problem at all doing this. I read and read and read until I figured it all out. There was no one before me, I had no one to ask. My degree gave me the confidence and the know-how to learn what I needed to learn. No internet back then.âMarieâs work ethic also led to great amounts of overtime, which she used for time in lieu - a flexible work arrangement that allowed her to accept side projects, such as with the CBC on a program called âTales of Pigeon Inlet.â Ted Russell, who had died in 1977, was a former politician who once served in Joey Smallwoodâs cabinet. After leaving politics he became well-known in the 1950s for the stories he wrote and narrated on radio as âUncle Moseâ about life in a fictional outport he called Pigeon Inlet. CBC-TV adapted some of those stories into half-hour shows in the â80s. From there, Marie became a stalwart of NL theatrical, television and film production. Over the next 30 years she was involved in a number of wide-ranging films including Divine Ryans in 1998 and Maudie in 2015; television documentaries such as Ocean Ranger and Newfoundland at Armageddon; television specials, Buddy Wasisname & the Other Fellas, the St. Johnâs audition for âCanadian Idolâ in 2004, and even that Canadian classic, âHeritage Moment.â The one Marie worked on was about Marconi and Signal Hill.Her involvement in âRepublic of Doyleâ was probably the TV production most recognized by Canadians outside of the province. During the first two seasons, her name rolled with the key credits at the beginning of the program: Marie Sharpe, Costume Designer.But itâs not âseeing her name in lightsâ that has ever driven her, it is the work and the people she works with that have motivated Marie. One of the early people who enthralled Marie was singer Joan Morrissey, a Newfoundland icon in the â60s and â70s. Marie worked on the musical Gypsy at the ACC, which starred Morrissey, and remembers âJoan had the first gold-selling record in Newfoundland and was often at the ACC, performing in concerts, a lot of them charity concerts. She always stepped up.â Unfortunately, Joan Morrissey suffered severe depression after heart surgery and died by suicide in 1978, at the age of 42.The most constant performer over Marieâs career has been Mary Walsh. For Marie, Mary is a girl from the neighbourhood, âhaving started life on the bottom of Carters Hill, just below the steps across the street from my Uncle Geraldâs store. She went to a different Catholic School than me. But knowing that we came from the same neighbourhood always made me one of Maryâs nearest and dearest.â Marie worked on Maryâs first one-woman show, Dancing with Rage. âAlthough it was the life of Mary Delahunty, Princess Warrior, it was loosely based on Maryâs life. Much of it was purely fictional, but you could always imagine that these sometimes hilarious and sometimes heartbreaking situations could be Mary Walshâs truth,â Marie says. âIt was a complicated show to do because she never left the stage. All of the costume changes took place onstage in front of the audience, starting out in a childâs bathrobe, ending in the Marg Princess Warrior. I cannot count the number of times that I had to rebuild that costume over the years.âAnother standout for Marie has been her involvement with the theatrical company Artistic Fraud of Newfoundland, beginning in 1998 on their production of Jesus Christ Superstar. Some of Marieâs costumes for their productions, such as Oil and Water and Colony of Unrequited Dreams, have travelled to theatres across Canada.Marieâs artistic life came full circle in 2019 when she designed costumes for a short film about Joan Morrisseyâs life, Surrounded by Water (also the title of one of her most famous songs). The Canadian Alliance of Film and Television Costume Arts and Design nominated Marie for Costume Design in Short Film. Although she didnât win, she attended the awards. âIt was a lovely weekend of events and I got to know some great people. At dinner, I sat with the lady who designed âThe Handmaids Tale.ââ True to Marieâs modest nature, she ânever intended to go but I got guilted into it at the last minute.â There you have Marie, if you want a summation. Her loving husband Paul, and daughters Victoria and Rebecca, had to guilt her into an award ceremony meant to celebrate her and her work in the industry she loves. Not the limelight for Marie - rather like that phttt she gave when I asked about her Public Service award.Perhaps we can rephrase an old saying to fit Marie Sharpe: You can take the girl out of Goodview Street, but you canât take Goodview Street out of the girl.About the Author:Ed Seawardâs novel, Fair, was published by The Porcupineâs Quill in 2020. Mother Daughter Happiness was a screenplay finalist at the 2019 Pasadena International Film Festival. His writing series Profiles from the Bright Side of the Road can be found on his website, edseaward.com. Although born in London, ON, his father was born in St. Johnâs, NL, and his paternal grandfather in Gooseberry Cove, Trinity Bay. Ed currently lives in Georgetown, ON, with his wife, Barb.
By Todd HollettWhen I was a kid, I spent a lot of time at my uncleâs cabin on the banks of Freshwater Pond on Newfoundlandâs Burin Peninsula. While there I always enjoyed the warm summer days spent wading in the shallow waters, navigating through the pond vegetation, and catching sticklebacks and small striped fish I would call âtiger trout.â I later found out my âtiger troutâ were banded killifish, and at that time they were only known to inhabit a few water systems in the province.The island of Newfoundland is home to two species of killifish, the banded killifish (Fundulus diaphanous) and the mummichog (Fundulus heteroclitus), both of which are very similar in appearance and size, and may be found schooling together. Because of this, it is often difficult to distinguish between these two native species.The mummichog (a Native American word for âgoing in crowds,â for how it travels in large schools of sometimes hundreds of fish) may also be known as chub, salt water minnow, mud dabbler, marsh minnow, mud minnows, mummies, gudgeons and common killifish. What also sets the mummichog apart, though you wouldnât know it to look at it, is that it was the first fish species to swim in outer space. In 1973, a pair of mummichog were flown into space in a plastic bag aquarium aboard SkyLab, during the SkyLab 3 mission. At first they showed some difficultly swimming due to the gravity changes, but after 22 days they swam normally. Fifty mummichog eggs at advanced developmental stages were also taken aboard the space craft, and 48 hatched during the flight. The hatchlings showed no effects from the space travel and swam normally.Mummichog are slightly larger than banded killifish, usually measuring 7.5-9 cm, but can reach lengths of up to 15 cm. The thick body is elongated and highly variable in colour. Colouration may change with the substrate, but is generally olive brown or olive green, with thin, wavy, silver bars on the sides. (Banded killifish have irregularly spaced black and silver bars.) The colours are more intense in the males during breeding season as the sides become steel blue with silvery bars, the undersides turn yellow or orange-yellow, and the dorsal fin becomes mottled with a small eyespot near the rear edge. (Male banded killifish turn bright blue during mating season.) Females are paler without the intense colours, and their dorsal fin is uniformly coloured. Like the killifish, the mummichogâs mouth is upturned for surface feeding. Most are sexually mature at two years old and around 3.8 cm; their normal lifespan is about four years. Neighbourhoods to watchThe banded killifish has a wide distribution in eastern North America, ranging from South Carolina to the Atlantic provinces. In Newfoundland, there are currently 42 (10 until 2015) known populations in isolated locations around the island, including the Burin Peninsula, Indian Bay watershed, Ramea Island, Grand Bay West, Loch Leven, Stephenville Crossing, St. Georgeâs Bay and York Harbour. There is also an introduced population on the Avalon. They are typically found in quiet, shallow water less than one metre deep, near vegetated areas of ponds, lakes, rivers and estuaries with sand or gravel bottoms. While they are primarily a freshwater species, they can tolerate brackish water. The mummichog, on the other hand, are widely distributed along the Atlantic coast from the Gaspe Peninsula, Anticosti Island and Port au Port Bay in the north, to northeastern Florida in the south. They are also present on Sable Island off Nova Scotia. They prefer areas of brackish water, usually in saltmarshes, muddy creeks, eel grass or cordgrass beds, sheltered shorelines, estuaries and tidal areas, especially where vegetation is submerged. A few landlocked populations do exist in freshwater lakes near the shore such as Digby Neck, Nova Scotia. They can tolerate highly variable salinity, temperature fluctuations from 6-35â°C, very low oxygen levels and heavily polluted waters.During cold months in northern ranges, mummichog move to upstream tidal pools and burrow up to 20 cm into the mud to overwinter. They can also bury themselves in mud if caught in drying pools between tides, even travelling short distances over land to get back to the sea.How they live and dieBoth species spawn in spring and summer, and where their ranges overlap theyâve been known to interbreed. A banded killifish -common food for brook trout, Atlantic salmon, American eels, kingfishers, herons and mergansers - will lay 50-100 eggs. These fish are susceptible to habitat changes in the sediment and water flow, often the result of land use and development, road construction and forestry activities. And they can be threatened by motorized watercraft activities and removal of aquatic vegetation. As a result, banded killifish hold the distinction of being the only freshwater fish of special concern listed by COSEWIC in Newfoundland.Female mummichog will spawn up to 740 eggs, in clutches of 10-300 eggs. It is not known how habitat changes affect their mortality, and their populations are currently considered healthy.Both species are omnivorous and have very similar diets that include small crustaceans, insects, larvae, nymphs, mollusks, turbellarians (flatworms), mosquito and mosquito larvae, midge larvae, water fleas, copepods, amphipods, very small fish, fish eggs, diatoms, algae and plant material. Mummichog, which can consume up to 2,000 mosquito larvae in one day, have even been used as an attempted biocontrol for mosquitoes in some areas.And finally, something that also sets the mummichog apart from the banded killifish: itâs considered good luck to kiss a mummichog. This claim has not been verified though, because, really, how many people are keen to kiss a mummichog?
By Kim ThistleLetâs have some fun. We are going to design a pot for your step or patio together.First of all you must choose a container. Many people pick beautiful mosaic or intricately patterned pots that catch their eye due to the beauty of them. When using this sort of container, keep in mind that the pot is the attraction and the plants will take the back seat. No loud-mouthed petunias in this type of vessel. If you want your plants to be the focal point, choose a solid colour or something with a nondescript pattern. This said, a colour that makes a statement, such as bright pink or bright blue, makes a wonderful container choice as long as you choose flower colours to complement it. Those aforementioned bombastic petunias in bright purple would look deadly in a hot pink pot.Next you need to think about the soil you will use to fill your pot. A light and airy mix with some organic matter mixed in is the solution. Avoid heavy garden soils that will hold too much water; this will encourage root rot and your plants will look sickly and slowly die. A mix that is too light will dry out quickly and will not anchor your pot, making it easier to blow around your deck when the gale force winds of autumn hit. We like to use a soilless mix such as pro mix and add some organic matter such as worm castings or compost. This not only provides good aeration for the plant roots, but also gives them something to feed on.When plants are grown in the ground they are able to stretch their roots to find nutrients. When grown in a container pot they will use up the nutrients available, and once those are depleted you will notice a steady decline in the health of your plants. Be sure to fertilize throughout the summer. A slow-release fertilizer added to the container at time of planting will be of great benefit but will not replace regular feeding.Thrillers, Fillers and SpilllersNow for the hard part, what plants do you want to use? The Proven Winnersâ¢ people have summed it up in three words. To have a container that merits attention you need a thriller, a filler and a spiller. To break this down, the thriller is a taller plant in your container. The fillers are the shorter plants that are placed in front of or around your thriller and the spiller is, of course, the hanging plant that is placed at the potâs edge.Thrillers:â¢ Dracena - the most commonly used and often referred to as a spikeâ¢ Argyranthemum - these beautiful daisies bloom well into late fallâ¢ Coleusâ¢ Snapdragons - plant a cluster of at least threeâ¢ Grasses such as King or Prince Tutâ¢ Siberian Irisâ¢ Celosia - ideally a cluster of threeâ¢ Geraniumâ¢ Canna lilyâ¢ Ferns such as Japanese painted or OstrichFillers:â¢ Petuniasâ¢ Marigoldsâ¢ Ornamental kaleâ¢ Dusty millerâ¢ Begoniasâ¢ Verbenaâ¢ Bracteanthaâ¢ Coleus - as long as there is a taller centrepieceâ¢ Geranium - as long as there is a taller centrepieceâ¢ Osteospurmumâ¢ ImpatiensSpillers:â¢ Lobeliaâ¢ Calibrachoa (commonly referred to as million bells)â¢ Ivyâ¢ Plectranthusâ¢ Creeping Jennyâ¢ Dichondraâ¢ Fuchsiaâ¢ Hanging petunias such as Wavesâ¢ Cool Wave pansiesâ¢ Vincaâ¢ MuelenbeckiaSample Pot Patterns:â¢ Siberian Iris, Heuchera, Patriot Hosta, Cool Wave pansy, Silver Falls Dichondraâ¢ King Tut grass, Coleus (one dark and one light), Creeping Jenny, Plectranthusâ¢ Celosia (Fresh Look), Lantana, Calibrachoa, Mercardoniaâ¢ Snapdragons, Flowering Cabbage or Kale, Redbor Kale, Creeping Jennyâ¢ Sallyfun Salvia, Sunpatiens, Lobulariaâ¢ Bella Upright Fuchsia, Non Stop Begonias, Hanging LobeliaAlways check the tags on the plants to be sure you are planting the correct plant for the exposure. For example, fuchsias wilt in full sun and do much better in partial shade or shade. If you are in a windy area, choose scaevola and Hiemalis begonias. If you get hot sun all day, lantana and celosia will thrive.Be adventurous. Try some new things. Iâd love to see your creations at the end of the summer. Send your pictures to firstname.lastname@example.org.
By Aubrey BarfootI was 11 years old, cod fishing for the season at Fishot Islands with my grandfather, Aubrey Piccott, of Brookfield, NL. We had settled into our small summer residence in late May, after a calm trip on the Winnifred Lee, a Wesleyviille schooner.Mid-afternoon one Saturday, my uncle Kenneth asked me to go cod fishing with him so we may have a fresh codfish for Sunday dinner. We could see drift ice floating north from St. Anthony and scraping along the shore of Fishot Islands. We were concentrating exclusively on our cod jigging, so we ignored the buildup of ice pans along the coastline.When my uncle decided it was time to return home, we noticed ice pans had blocked our way back to our harbour. Farther south there was another entrance to which we anxiously rowed our punt. But when we arrived there, this entrance was closed, too, with drift ice. Our only choice was to row around the south of the island and enter through an ice-free harbour on the west side of our island.We noticed that the tide was taking the ice around the south of the island. We had to force our way through ice pans. About halfway along we found our way blocked with ice pans closely touching each other; there was no open water for us to get through. We were drifting south, the ice taking us away from land.An ice pan could puncture a hole in our small boat, and then if a pan of ice were available we would have to spend the night on it, hoping to be rescued the next day. All these possibilities depended on good luck. We glimpsed one dangerous choice just ahead of us. A large ice pan, tossing up and down in the water with the wind and the tide, had a u-shaped hole in its centre. When the pan of ice dipped low in the tide, we guessed there was just enough depth and width for us to push our punt through if we could do it with enough speed. Otherwise we would be caught, and the punt would tip us into the icy cold, May salt water. With our oars we forced our boat through the ice pans, directing our boat for this ray of hope. We watched carefully for the ice pan to dip low enough for us to push our boat over it to the safety of the opposite side. Holding our breath and whispering a fervent prayer, we pushed with our oars with all our strength as the ice pan dipped. Whee! We made it! We were saved. We were in open water on the other side of the ice pans. But we still had to row around the island. And we had a second rival: darkness was falling and we had a long distance to row our boat. Finally, we rowed through the harbourâs west entrance and, with aching arm muscles, made it home to the relief of my worried grandparents.