Learning the Fishing Lingo

  • Downhome Magazine
  • Posted: Nov 30, -0001 12:00 AM
Need to brush up on your knowledge of fishing? Read the following terms and definitions, then quiz your family and friends to see how many they get right!

gill net: a net with various sized mesh to catch fish of different sizes

long-lining: using a trawl (a long line with baited hooks) to catch fish

crab pot: a trap specially designed to catch crab

inshore fisherman: a small-boat fisherman who fishes relatively close to the shore

trawl: a long line with shorter lines attached at intervals. The shorter lines (sud lines) have baited hooks for catching fish.

set: the placing of a trawl or net in the water to catch fish

prime berth: the best fishing ground close enough to shore for trap fishing.

banker: 1. a schooner once used to fish the offshore banks. 2. a man who fishes the offshore banks.

banking dories: stackable dories used in bank fishing.

boy: 1. an inexperienced man on his first fishing voyage to Newfoundland from England or Ireland.

cartel boat also carteel boat: an auxiliary boat used to transport fish.

cod net: a gill net specially made to catch codfish.

fall fishery: the hand lining fishery which takes place between September and December.

fish box: 1. the humourous name given to vessels that were used to transport fish to foreign ports.

floater: 1. a migratory fisherman who fishes the Labrador coast from a schooner, as opposed to a stationer, who fishes from the shore. 2. the schooner used by same.

inshore fishery: the business of prosecuting the fishery involving small boats closer to shore.

labrador afloat: these were the words at the bottom of the address on the envelope containing a letter to someone prosecution the Labrador fishery as a floater. These words were preceded by the name of the schooner aboard which the person was working.

long-liner: a decked fishing boat usually between 45 and 65 feet in length, used in various types of commercial fishing, including cod-netting, capelin-seining, crab-fishing, scallop-dragging and sealing.

make-and-break: a one cylinder gasoline engine that had a small battery and a coil to generate enough spark to ignite the gaseous mixture in the chamber

naked man also american man, cairn: a man-made landmark for navigation, usually made by piling stones on top of each other to make the shape of a human. These were once prevalent along the Labrador coast. They were very useful in determining one's location at sea.

newfoundland banks: any fishing banks in close proximity to Newfoundland and Labrador.

nose and tail of the grand bank: two portions of the Grand Banks' fishing grounds that extend into international waters.

plantation: the land and buildings, used by a planter to prosecute the fishery.

planter: early settler who built fishing stores, stages, etc., to prosecute the fishery, as opposed to the migratory fishermen from West Country, England.

roomer: a Newfoundland fisherman who prosecutes the Labrador fishery from premises on shore.

shareman: a man who shares in the profits of a fishing venture.

water haul: a net, trawl, seine or trap that is empty when hauled. "The fish are so scarce all I got was a waterhaul."